The American Heart Association considers white bread, pasta, and rice refined carbohydrate sources since they deplete fiber during processing.
Sugary drinks make blood sugar regulation harder, says Rush University Medical Center associate professor of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism Rasa Kazlauskaite, MD.
Fast food is unhealthy, yet hamburgers and fries are high in calories and fat. Sugar and processed carbs in fast food elevate blood sugar.
Fruit raises blood sugar, so don't avoid it. Fruit contains vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber, which are helpful for type 2 diabetes and wellness, explains Thomas.
Poor potatoes and starchy veggies like peas and maize. They have more carbs than broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and lettuce.
Harvard Health Publishing calls dairy milk a low-GI carb. Rice milk and oat milk have the greatest sugar, according to Thomas. Harvard claims a GI of 86, 86% glucose.